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Original Investigation Accuracy of an Artificial Intelligence Chatbot‚Äôs Interpretation of Clinical Ophthalmic Images Andrew Mihalache, MD(C); Ryan S. Huang, MD(C); Marko M. Popovic, MD, MPH et al JAMA Ophthalmology |
Editor's Choice
RGB image created from the original OCT scans given as input to the ResNet models
Original Investigation Self-Supervised Learning for Improved Optical Coherence Tomography Detection of Macular Telangiectasia Type 2 JAMA Ophthalmology |
Ultra-widefield color image and heat map
Original Investigation Automated Machine Learning for Predicting Diabetic Retinopathy Progression From Ultra-Widefield Retinal Images JAMA Ophthalmology |
Original Investigation In-Home Smartphone-Based Prediction of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Conjunction With Level 2 Home Polysomnography JAMA Otolaryngology |
Two smartphones on a table next to a bed
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Editorial

Risk of Harm From AI-Driven Clinical Decision Support

Rohan Khera, MD, MS, Melissa A. Simon, MD, MPH et al.

JAMA |

Research Letter

Appropriateness of Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Recommendations From Online Chat-Based AI Model

Ashish Sarraju, MD, Dennis Bruemmer, MD, PhD et al.

JAMA |
Interview
Video JAMA |
Artificial intelligence holds the promise of revolutionizing disease diagnosis and prediction, but it also presents a pivotal challenge: ensuring equity. In this Q&A, Alondra Nelson, PhD, the Harold F. Linder Professor at the Institute for Advanced Study, joins JAMA's Editor in Chief Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, PhD, MD, MAS, to discuss the equitable regulation of AI to benefit all populations.
Research and Reviews
Research
Performance of Large Language Models on Medical Oncology Examination Questions

Jack B. Longwell, HBSc, Ian Hirsch, MD, MSc et al.

”£Ő“ ”∆Ķapp Open |
Large Language Model Capabilities in Perioperative Risk Prediction

Philip Chung, MD, MS, Christine T. Fong, MS et al.

JAMA Surgery |
Use of Artificial Intelligence in Drug Development

Louise C. Druedahl, PhD, W. Nicholson Price II, JD, PhD et al.

”£Ő“ ”∆Ķapp Open |
Use of Large Language Model to Identify and Classify Injuries With Free-Text ED Data

Giulia Lorenzoni, PhD, Dario Gregori, PhD et al.

”£Ő“ ”∆Ķapp Open |
Body Composition in Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treated With Immunotherapy

Tafadzwa L. Chaunzwa, MD, Jack M. Qian, MD et al.

JAMA Oncology |
Use of AI Chatbots in Interpretation of Pathology Reports

Eric Steimetz, MD, MPH, Jeremy Minkowitz, DO et al.

”£Ő“ ”∆Ķapp Open |
Assessing the Risk of Bias in Randomized Clinical Trials With Large Language Models

Honghao Lai, MM, Long Ge, MD et al.

”£Ő“ ”∆Ķapp Open |
Medication Nonpersistence and Nonadherence Among Patients With Early Breast Cancer

Pierre Rinder, MSc, Théo Marcille, MSc et al.

”£Ő“ ”∆Ķapp Open |
Oropharyngeal Cancer Staging Health Record Extraction Using Artificial Intelligence

Elif Baran, HBSc, Melissa Lee, MD et al.

JAMA Otolaryngology‚ÄďHead & Neck Surgery |
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Research and Reviews
Review
Deep Learning for Video-Based Assessment in Surgery

Erim Yanik, PhD, Steven Schwaitzberg, MD et al.

JAMA Surgery |
Academic Surgery in the Era of Large Language Models

Timothy A. Rengers, BS, Cornelius A. Thiels, DO, MBA et al.

JAMA Surgery |
Three Epochs of Artificial Intelligence in Health Care

Michael D. Howell, MD, MPH, Greg S. Corrado, PhD et al.

JAMA |
Practical Guide to Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence in Surgical Education Research

Daniel A. Hashimoto, MD, Julian Varas, MD et al.

JAMA Surgery |
A Nationwide Network of Health AI Assurance Laboratories

Nigam H. Shah, MBBS, PhD, John D. Halamka, MD, MS et al.

JAMA |
Will Generative AI Deliver on Its Promise in Health Care?

Robert M. Wachter, MD, Erik Brynjolfsson, PhD

JAMA |
Need for AI Vigilance to Safeguard Health Care

Bradley D. Menz, BPharm(Hons), Natansh D. Modi, BPharm(Hons) et al.

JAMA Internal Medicine |
Deep Learning for Cardiovascular Imaging

Ramsey M. Wehbe, MD, MSAI, Aggelos K. Katsaggelos, PhD et al.

JAMA Cardiology |
Using Machine Learning to Predict Suitability for Surgery at an Ambulatory Surgical Center

James Henderson, PhD, Anthony Cuttitta, MPH et al.

JAMA Surgery |
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Research and Reviews
Research
Review
Performance of Large Language Models on Medical Oncology Examination Questions

Jack B. Longwell, HBSc, Ian Hirsch, MD, MSc et al.

”£Ő“ ”∆Ķapp Open |
Deep Learning for Video-Based Assessment in Surgery

Erim Yanik, PhD, Steven Schwaitzberg, MD et al.

JAMA Surgery |
Large Language Model Capabilities in Perioperative Risk Prediction

Philip Chung, MD, MS, Christine T. Fong, MS et al.

JAMA Surgery |
Academic Surgery in the Era of Large Language Models

Timothy A. Rengers, BS, Cornelius A. Thiels, DO, MBA et al.

JAMA Surgery |
Use of Artificial Intelligence in Drug Development

Louise C. Druedahl, PhD, W. Nicholson Price II, JD, PhD et al.

”£Ő“ ”∆Ķapp Open |
Three Epochs of Artificial Intelligence in Health Care

Michael D. Howell, MD, MPH, Greg S. Corrado, PhD et al.

JAMA |
Use of Large Language Model to Identify and Classify Injuries With Free-Text ED Data

Giulia Lorenzoni, PhD, Dario Gregori, PhD et al.

”£Ő“ ”∆Ķapp Open |
Practical Guide to Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence in Surgical Education Research

Daniel A. Hashimoto, MD, Julian Varas, MD et al.

JAMA Surgery |
Body Composition in Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treated With Immunotherapy

Tafadzwa L. Chaunzwa, MD, Jack M. Qian, MD et al.

JAMA Oncology |
A Nationwide Network of Health AI Assurance Laboratories

Nigam H. Shah, MBBS, PhD, John D. Halamka, MD, MS et al.

JAMA |
Use of AI Chatbots in Interpretation of Pathology Reports

Eric Steimetz, MD, MPH, Jeremy Minkowitz, DO et al.

”£Ő“ ”∆Ķapp Open |
Will Generative AI Deliver on Its Promise in Health Care?

Robert M. Wachter, MD, Erik Brynjolfsson, PhD

JAMA |
Assessing the Risk of Bias in Randomized Clinical Trials With Large Language Models

Honghao Lai, MM, Long Ge, MD et al.

”£Ő“ ”∆Ķapp Open |
Need for AI Vigilance to Safeguard Health Care

Bradley D. Menz, BPharm(Hons), Natansh D. Modi, BPharm(Hons) et al.

JAMA Internal Medicine |
Medication Nonpersistence and Nonadherence Among Patients With Early Breast Cancer

Pierre Rinder, MSc, Théo Marcille, MSc et al.

”£Ő“ ”∆Ķapp Open |
Deep Learning for Cardiovascular Imaging

Ramsey M. Wehbe, MD, MSAI, Aggelos K. Katsaggelos, PhD et al.

JAMA Cardiology |
Oropharyngeal Cancer Staging Health Record Extraction Using Artificial Intelligence

Elif Baran, HBSc, Melissa Lee, MD et al.

JAMA Otolaryngology‚ÄďHead & Neck Surgery |
Using Machine Learning to Predict Suitability for Surgery at an Ambulatory Surgical Center

James Henderson, PhD, Anthony Cuttitta, MPH et al.

JAMA Surgery |
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Highlights in AI and Medicine
Violin Plots of Vascular Severity Score vs Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) Screening Category
Original Investigation Multinational External Validation of Autonomous Retinopathy of Prematurity Screening JAMA Ophthalmology |
Classifications of Explanations for Answers Provided by Proprietary Large Language Model 2 in Relation to the Scientific and Clinical Consensus
Original Investigation Performance of Large Language Models on Medical Oncology Examination Questions ”£Ő“ ”∆Ķapp Open |
Original Investigation Machine Learning Models for Predicting Long-Term Visual Acuity in Highly Myopic Eyes JAMA Ophthalmology |
Nomogram for Predicting the Probability of the Risk of Visual Impairment in 5 Years
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Travel Guide From the Brave New World of Artificial Intelligence

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Use of Artificial Intelligence in Drug Development

Louise C. Druedahl, PhD, W. Nicholson Price II, JD, PhD et al.

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Use of Large Language Model to Identify and Classify Injuries With Free-Text ED Data

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Assessing the Risk of Bias in Randomized Clinical Trials With Large Language Models

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Patient Perceptions of Chatbot Supervision in Health Care Settings

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Identification of Human-Generated vs AI-Generated Abstracts

Dennis Ren, MD, Andrew James Tagg, MBBS, MRCSEd et al.

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Viewpoint

Harnessing Artificial Intelligence to Address Oral Health Disparities

Hawazin W. Elani, BDS, PhD, William V. Giannobile, DDS, DMSc

JAMA Health Forum |

Original Investigation

AI-Generated Draft Replies Integrated Into Health Records and Physicians’ Electronic Communication

Ming Tai-Seale, PhD, MPH, Sally L. Baxter, MD, MSc et al.

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Enhancing Health Care Communication With Large Language Models

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