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June 18, 2024
Original Investigation

Variation in Postoperative Outcomes Across Federally Designated Hospital Star Ratings

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. Published online June 18, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1582

This cohort study examines the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services star ratings in hospitals for mortality, serious complication, and readmission outcomes.

Feasibility of Extended Postoperative Follow-Up in Patients With Gastric Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online June 18, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1753

This cohort study examines the association of extended regular follow-up after 5 years postgastrectomy for gastric cancer with overall and postrecurrence survival rates among patients in Korea.

Invited Commentary

The American College of Surgeons Approach to Public Reporting

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online June 18, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1591

Navigating the Gastric Cancer Continuum—Insights and Challenges in Postoperative Surveillance

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online June 18, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1754
Comment & Response

Comments on a Randomized Clinical Trial of Intraoperative Wound Irrigation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online June 18, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1755

Comments on a Randomized Clinical Trial of Intraoperative Wound Irrigation—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online June 18, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1756
June 12, 2024
Viewpoint

Time to Rethink the Approach to Treating Obesity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online June 12, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1502

This Viewpoint describes potential benefits and hurdles to implementing a more personalized approach to obesity treatment through a comprehensive multidisciplinary evaluation that considers surgical, medical, and combined therapies.

Original Investigation

Open Retromuscular Sugarbaker vs Keyhole Mesh Placement for Parastomal Hernia Repair: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online June 12, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1686

This randomized clinical trial compared 2 mesh placement techniques for open retromuscular parastomal hernia repair in 150 patients with a permanent stoma to determine which was better at preventing parastomal hernia recurrence.

Surgical Approach and Long-Term Recurrence After Ventral Hernia Repair

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. Published online June 12, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1696

This cohort study uses Medicare claims data to analyze the operative recurrence rate for ventral hernia for up to 10 years after patients underwent robotic-assisted, laparoscopic, and open ventral hernia repairs from January 2010 to December 2020.

Time From Colorectal Cancer Surgery to Adjuvant Chemotherapy: Post Hoc Analysis of the SCOT Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online June 12, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1555

This post hoc analysis of the phase 3 SCOT randomized clinical trial investigates the association between the timing of adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery for colorectal cancer and disease-free survival.

Invited Commentary

Parastomal Hernias—A Recurring Problem for Surgeons and Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online June 12, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1683

Caution Warranted in Robotic Ventral Hernia Repair

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online June 12, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1684
June 5, 2024
Original Investigation

Early Implementation of Exercise to Facilitate Recovery After Breast Cancer Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online June 5, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1633

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the use of an early exercise intervention in shoulder range of motion following surgery in patients with breast cancer.

The Carceral State, Social Disorganization, and Firearm Homicides in Chicago

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online June 5, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1596

This cross-sectional study analyzes the association of race-specific incarceration with race-specific firearm violence rates in Chicago, Illinois, and whether social or familial instability mediate these associations.

Large Language Model Capabilities in Perioperative Risk Prediction and Prognostication

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online June 5, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1621

This prognostic study investigates the ability of a large language model to perform risk stratification and predict postoperative outcomes using a description of the procedure and the patient’s preoperative clinical notes.

Invited Commentary

A Hybrid Rehabilitation Strategy Improves Breast Surgery Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online June 5, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1643

The Link Between State Carceral Violence and Firearm Homicide

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online June 5, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1644

Travel Guide From the Brave New World of Artificial Intelligence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online June 5, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1645
Surgical Innovation

Deep Learning for Video-Based Assessment in Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Surg. Published online June 5, 2024. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2024.1510

This surgical innovation explains how applying deep neural networks could ensure the continued use of video-based assessment.

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